Spitz dogs have a characteristic wolf-like appearance with small, erect ears, long thick (frequently white) fur, and tails that are usually curled and carried over their backs. The precise origin of Spitz-type dogs are not known, however, most Spitz-type dogs seen today originated from the Arctic regions.
It is not completely certain how far back wolf blood can be traced back in Spitz-type breeds, but it is known that humans have mated Spitz types with wolves in recent times to get the wolf-like appearance of so desirable in Spitz breeds.
Also through selective breeding, Spitz-type dogs have evolved as "working dogs" to assist humans in hunting, herding, and sled-pulling. The larger breeds like the Norwegian Elkhound were used for big game hunting, while smaller breeds such as the Finnish Spitz to hunt birds and smaller animals.
They have also been bred down in size as "non-working" companion dogs because of their charming look, thick, fluffy fur, curled tail, and small muzzle & ears. One example is the Pomeranian, which was originally much larger in size than today's Poms. Other Spitz-type dogs which have been bred away from working uses are the American Eskimo, the German Spitz, and surprisingly, the Papillon.
In general, these dogs need cooler temperatures due to their thick coats, and spacious high fence areas (especially for the larger breeds). Many of the Spitz-type breeds are known to be dominant, stubborn, and smart, learning quickly.
Other common examples include Malamutes, Keeshonds, Samoyeds, Elkhounds, Huskies, Akitas, Chow Chows, and Shiba Inus.Return from Spitz Dogs to Pomeranian History